Windsor striking down the law barring federal recognition of same-sex marriage gave significant impetus to the progress of lawsuits that challenged state bans on same-sex marriage in federal court. Proposed by initiative as referendum Question 1approved. It was repealed by referendum in November Department of Public Health six months earlier. Retrieved February 17, The studies also found that families experienced a kind of secondary minority stress, says Jennifer Arm, a counseling graduate student at the University of Memphis. Retrieved July 25,
Archived from the original PDF on December 13,
History of same-sex marriage in the United States
States such as Oregon do not distinguish between opposite-sex and same-sex marriages in their official records. Hodges at the U. Some began doing so based on their reading of Tenth Circuit precedent, others a few weeks later on the basis on a ruling against Kansas' ban on same-sex marriage issued on November 4,by U. More frequently it came as the result of the decisions of federal courts. DOMA's Section 3 defined marriage for the purposes of federal law as a union of one man and one woman. In South Carolinaon November 12, U. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Supreme Court ruling legalizing such nuptials nationwide, Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore directed probate judges in his state to enforce the ban on same-sex marriage. Kitzhaber that Oregon's voter-approved constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. Archived from the original on 10 November Archived from the original PDF on July 28, William Roletter, left, and Paul Rowe get close after having their photo taken with their marriage certificate May 21,at Philadelphia City Hall. HortonP. Texasstriking down sodomy law and enshrining a broad constitutional right to sexual privacy.